The provisions of the Convention cover a wide range of agricultural products, homelessness, industrial products, working conditions and digital commerce. Among the most important aspects of the agreement are improving U.S. dairy farmers` access to the Canadian market, guidelines for a greater proportion of automobiles produced in the three countries and not imported from other countries, and maintaining the dispute settlement system, which is similar to that contained in NAFTA.   On December 19, 2019, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the USMCA with the support of all parties by 385 votes (Democracy 193, Republican 192) to 41 (Democracy 38, Republican 2, Independent 1).  On January 16, 2020, the U.S. Senate passed the trade agreement by 89 votes (Democrats 38, Republicans 51) to 10 (Democracy 8, Republican 1, Independent 1) and the bill was forwarded to the White House for the signature of Donald Trump.  On January 29, 2020, Trump signed the agreement (Public Law No: 116-113).  NAFTA has been formally amended, but not the 1989 Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement, which is only “suspended.”   The new trade pact makes a number of changes to several sectors. However, critics warn that factories may be able to play by the rules by including some highly paid managers in their calculations.
And there are risks to change. Overall, I think the new NAFTA is certainly a modern and updated version of its important predecessor, which the U.S. Department of Agriculture has described as one of the most successful trade agreements in history. OTTAWA — The renegotiated North American Free Trade Agreement will enter into force on July 1, three years after talks began with the revision of the trilateral trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico. The system can no longer be used in disputes between the United States and Canada and is limited to disagreements between Mexico and the United States over a limited range of industries, including petrochemicals, telecommunications, infrastructure and power generation. President Donald Trump and Democratic leaders have agreed on an agreement to pass a new trade agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada that will update NAFTA. In addition, there is a provision that the agreement itself must be reviewed every six years by the three nations, with a 16-year forfeiture clause. The contract may be renewed for a period of 16 years during the six-year review period.  The introduction of the Sunset clause gives more control in the organization of the future of the USMCA in the hands of national governments. However, there is concern that this could lead to greater uncertainty. Sectors such as automotive require significant investment in cross-border supply chains.  Given the dominant position of the U.S.
consumer market, it is likely that this will put pressure on companies to establish more production in the United States, with a higher probability of higher production costs for these vehicles.  On May 30, U.S. Trade Representative Robert E. Lighthizer presented Congress with a draft statement on the administrative steps necessary to implement the U.S.-Mexico-Mexico-new NAFTA agreement, in accordance with the President`s 2015 Administrative Action Statement. The project will allow congress to be presented to Congress, after 30 days, on June 29, a law to implement the USMCA. In a letter to House of Representatives critic Nancy Pelosi and Minority House Republican Leader Kevin McCarthy, Lighthizer said the USMCA was the gold standard of U.S. trade policy and modernized the United States.