On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government was considering drafting new laws to circumvent the protocol of the Northern Ireland Withdrawal Agreement.  The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable).  The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only “clarified” the volumity in the protocol.  Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a “precondition for any future partnership”.  On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would “violate international law”.”  After May lost the third vote and the approval of the Cooper-Letwin Act at third reading at 313-312, may and her cabinet considered the possibility of bringing the withdrawal agreement back to Parliament for a fourth vote.  In mid-May, May said she would present the withdrawal agreement to Parliament in the first week of June.  Due to massive opposition to the new agreement, May postponed publication from 24 May to 4 June and subsequently resigned as Prime Minister.  Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP declared that they could not support the new agreement.  The British Parliament approved the draft agreement by adopting 2020 implementing laws (The European Union Withdrawal Agreement (Withdrawal Agreement) 2020 Act. Following the signing of the agreement, the UK Government adopted and tabled the UK`s ratification instrument on 29 January 2020.
 The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after approval by the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The UK`s withdrawal from the EU came into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, when the withdrawal agreement came into force in accordance with Article 185. Standing Order No. 24B says: “Where, according to the opinion of the spokesperson… A movement… In neutral terms, no amendments can be tabled on this subject.  The Grieves amendment does not apply this permanent decision to any request made as part of the meaningful vote of the Act that would amend any request for the withdrawal process by Parliament.  After further negotiations between the UK and the EU, a revised withdrawal agreement was reached on 17 October.  Two days later, a special session of Parliament (called “Super Saturday” by the media) was held to discuss the new agreement.    MEPs adopted the Second Amendment Letwin 322 to 306, which had refused Parliament`s approval until the adoption of legislation to implement the agreement, and forced the government to ask the EU to delay Brexit until 31 January 2020.  The amended amendment was then adopted by MPs without a vote, as the government had accepted the de facto defeat.
 On 21 October, House of Commons spokesman John Bercow rejected a government request to hold a vote on the Brexit deal, citing his earlier decision to withdraw it.  In the evening, Grieve`s amendment was passed by 309 votes to 305 , a majority of 4,  was a defeat for the government.  Twelve Conservative MPs voted against the government: Grieve, Soubry, Heidi Allen, Kenneth Clarke, Jonathan Djanogly, Stephen Hammond, Oliver Heald, Nicky Morgan, Bob Neill, Antoinette Sandbach, John Stevenson and Sarah Wollaston. A month earlier, everyone except Stevenson made the front page of the Daily Telegraph, with Conservative MPs Vicky Ford, Jeremy Lefroy, Paul Masterton and Tom Tugendhat calling them “The Brexit Mutineers.”  On February 27, 2019, the House of Commons passed a motion that could be amended in the following terms: “That this House has made the Prime Minister`s statement on